Monday, June 1, 2020

Strategic Management Assignment Coursework - 1100 Words

Strategic Management Assignment (Coursework Sample) Content: Strategic Management AssignmentStudents Name:Institutional Affiliation:Executive summaryLEGO group was experiencing a change in fortune with its market share dwindling. For years, it had delighted in being the leading toy making company with one of its brands (Lego bricks) experiencing unparalleled success. Having started as a small time family company, the company blossomed under the stewardship of its founder Kirk Kristiansen which grew into one of the leading brands in the toy making industry up to the early 90s. However, its fortunes hit a snag when emerging trends brought down business. In a quest to rescue his enterprise, Kirk appointed a new COO Poul Ploughman, to manage the enterprise.He brought significant changes by reorganizing LEGO group so as to bring down production costs. Lego group came up with a corporate strategy with the aim of conjoining the actions of the variety of functional sections of the enterprise in order to achieve the organizational set o bjectives. To begin with, Kirk introduced five managers to aid him in the administration of Lego group. This was aimed at delegating duties to meet the organizations set goals and to ensure efficient allocation of resources.Through this, the managers would become more responsive to emerging trends. They established an attainable visor with growth being the aim. Lego group conducted a test on coming up with innovative products. With this, they balanced innovative products with tried solutions. Moreover, in order to guide the organization towards actualizing its goals the enterprises were motivated to come up with their solutions to problems. In order to sustain a competing advantage, they had cut down on production cost by and introducing a new range of products.After what transpired between the years 1999 - 2004 it was evident that the group had to come up with new strategies since the growth strategy had failed. The company had suffered its first loss, and this had to be mitigated to avoid bankruptcy. The company took its first bold steps in turning its fortunes around when in the year 2003 Kjeld reshuffled the leadership of LEGO group. He fired the five- man management and their assistants. Kjeld stepped down as CEO and instead invested in the firm and appointed Knudstorp as the new CEO. The new leadership had to develop new strategies so as to save the group that was on the brink of bankruptcy. Intensive internal and external analysis had to be conducted (Foss, 2012).Review of internal business environment.Knudstorp had to make use of the business system model in addressing the problems faced by the organization internally (Schultz et.al, 2005).He laid down incompetent workers and put in place an efficient accounting and cost system. Discipline on the way the business was conducted had to be instilled.Working as a consultant in 2001 he noted that the business transactions were carried out in a very casual manner for instance, senior officials would procure goods in very unorthodox way by calling their friend in manufacturing and asking them, to boost supply on LEGOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s behalf. That was not the only unprofessional incidence that he observed. Furthermore, the company could no longer meet the demand of their loyal customers, and most of them complained of having à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"dead stockà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ from LEGO.All the firms strategies were put under scrutiny, and the analyzed financial statements revealed a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"see-sawà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ tendency on the firmà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s profit margins (Prencipe, 2003). Finally, the new CEO gave his advice; one, he suggested that the business be sold and secondly, he asked the workforce to keep faith in the Kristiansen family. He recommended that the firmà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s core be sold to offset some of the overdue debts so as to ease the surmounting financial pressure from their creditors.Review of external business environment using Porterà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"five forcesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ modelTo st art with, Jorgen observed that the firm had lagged behind in embracing new trends in the manufacturing line. The big players in the toy making industry like Hasbro and Nike had opted to outsource its production processes to companies in the Far East so as to cut down on production costs.Also, their rivals outsourced the supply chain tasks to specialist's firms. In essence, outsourcing helped its rivals in cutting down on production costs and gave them more time to focus on their strengths. Outsourcing involved contracting other professional companies to conduct some non-core functions of a firm (Greaver, 1999). The following are Porterà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s five forces analysis (Porter, 1998):Force 1: threat of a new entryThe possibility of a new player into an already crowded market is always a cause of concern to the existing players. However, new entrants were unavoidable in the open market. Thus, the firm had to be aware of the effects of such an entry and take the appropriate course of a ction. For instance, outsourcing would improve access to inputs, increase the scale of production and sells and would further strengthen a brands identity in the market.Force 2: threat of substitutesHere, the tendency of a buyer opting for the substitute as a result of the need to switch costs and pricing is what comes to play. Many consumers of LEGOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s products claimed that there were a reduced childhood and an increased adolescence in todayà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s children. Hence, LEGO had to rebrand their products so as to cater for even adolescents. This would be an ideal technique to counter products from their rivals that appealed to both ages.Force 3: supplier power.In comparison to Disney and Nike, LEGO was a significantly small player in the industry. Even though, this was an advantage LEGO had the potential and if harnessed it would be able to stay on as a legitimate competitor.Force 4: level of rivalry.The extent of rivalry between the toy making firms was an important aspec t and needed proper attention. LEGO had to study their rivals and try to improve on their weaknesses.Force 5: buyer powerAll the aspects that influenced the consumerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s decision making had to be studied by the firm if it was to save itself from bankr... Strategic Management Assignment Coursework - 1100 Words Strategic Management Assignment (Coursework Sample) Content: Strategic Management AssignmentStudents Name:Institutional Affiliation:Executive summaryLEGO group was experiencing a change in fortune with its market share dwindling. For years, it had delighted in being the leading toy making company with one of its brands (Lego bricks) experiencing unparalleled success. Having started as a small time family company, the company blossomed under the stewardship of its founder Kirk Kristiansen which grew into one of the leading brands in the toy making industry up to the early 90s. However, its fortunes hit a snag when emerging trends brought down business. In a quest to rescue his enterprise, Kirk appointed a new COO Poul Ploughman, to manage the enterprise.He brought significant changes by reorganizing LEGO group so as to bring down production costs. Lego group came up with a corporate strategy with the aim of conjoining the actions of the variety of functional sections of the enterprise in order to achieve the organizational set o bjectives. To begin with, Kirk introduced five managers to aid him in the administration of Lego group. This was aimed at delegating duties to meet the organizations set goals and to ensure efficient allocation of resources.Through this, the managers would become more responsive to emerging trends. They established an attainable visor with growth being the aim. Lego group conducted a test on coming up with innovative products. With this, they balanced innovative products with tried solutions. Moreover, in order to guide the organization towards actualizing its goals the enterprises were motivated to come up with their solutions to problems. In order to sustain a competing advantage, they had cut down on production cost by and introducing a new range of products.After what transpired between the years 1999 - 2004 it was evident that the group had to come up with new strategies since the growth strategy had failed. The company had suffered its first loss, and this had to be mitigated to avoid bankruptcy. The company took its first bold steps in turning its fortunes around when in the year 2003 Kjeld reshuffled the leadership of LEGO group. He fired the five- man management and their assistants. Kjeld stepped down as CEO and instead invested in the firm and appointed Knudstorp as the new CEO. The new leadership had to develop new strategies so as to save the group that was on the brink of bankruptcy. Intensive internal and external analysis had to be conducted (Foss, 2012).Review of internal business environment.Knudstorp had to make use of the business system model in addressing the problems faced by the organization internally (Schultz et.al, 2005).He laid down incompetent workers and put in place an efficient accounting and cost system. Discipline on the way the business was conducted had to be instilled.Working as a consultant in 2001 he noted that the business transactions were carried out in a very casual manner for instance, senior officials would procure goods in very unorthodox way by calling their friend in manufacturing and asking them, to boost supply on LEGOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s behalf. That was not the only unprofessional incidence that he observed. Furthermore, the company could no longer meet the demand of their loyal customers, and most of them complained of having à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"dead stockà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ from LEGO.All the firms strategies were put under scrutiny, and the analyzed financial statements revealed a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"see-sawà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ tendency on the firmà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s profit margins (Prencipe, 2003). Finally, the new CEO gave his advice; one, he suggested that the business be sold and secondly, he asked the workforce to keep faith in the Kristiansen family. He recommended that the firmà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s core be sold to offset some of the overdue debts so as to ease the surmounting financial pressure from their creditors.Review of external business environment using Porterà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"five forcesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ modelTo st art with, Jorgen observed that the firm had lagged behind in embracing new trends in the manufacturing line. The big players in the toy making industry like Hasbro and Nike had opted to outsource its production processes to companies in the Far East so as to cut down on production costs.Also, their rivals outsourced the supply chain tasks to specialist's firms. In essence, outsourcing helped its rivals in cutting down on production costs and gave them more time to focus on their strengths. Outsourcing involved contracting other professional companies to conduct some non-core functions of a firm (Greaver, 1999). The following are Porterà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s five forces analysis (Porter, 1998):Force 1: threat of a new entryThe possibility of a new player into an already crowded market is always a cause of concern to the existing players. However, new entrants were unavoidable in the open market. Thus, the firm had to be aware of the effects of such an entry and take the appropriate course of a ction. For instance, outsourcing would improve access to inputs, increase the scale of production and sells and would further strengthen a brands identity in the market.Force 2: threat of substitutesHere, the tendency of a buyer opting for the substitute as a result of the need to switch costs and pricing is what comes to play. Many consumers of LEGOà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s products claimed that there were a reduced childhood and an increased adolescence in todayà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s children. Hence, LEGO had to rebrand their products so as to cater for even adolescents. This would be an ideal technique to counter products from their rivals that appealed to both ages.Force 3: supplier power.In comparison to Disney and Nike, LEGO was a significantly small player in the industry. Even though, this was an advantage LEGO had the potential and if harnessed it would be able to stay on as a legitimate competitor.Force 4: level of rivalry.The extent of rivalry between the toy making firms was an important aspec t and needed proper attention. LEGO had to study their rivals and try to improve on their weaknesses.Force 5: buyer powerAll the aspects that influenced the consumerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s decision making had to be studied by the firm if it was to save itself from bankr...

Saturday, May 16, 2020

1982 Falkland Conflict - Operational Logistics and Command...

BACKGROUND The Falklands conflict began on Friday, 02 April 1982, when roughly 500 Argentinean special forces landed at Mullet Creek on East Falkland Island. Under Operation Rosario, Argentina advanced on the Government House at Port Stanley against an unorganized garrison of British Royal Marines stationed on the island. Little opposition was encountered and the Argentinean Junta quickly assumed control. On the same day, Brigadier General Mario Menendez was appointed governor of the islands and Port Stanley was immediately renamed Puerto Argentino. Argentina expected at this point that the British would cede sovereignty over the islands through negotiations and with little or no armed conflict. Argentina had been claiming the†¦show more content†¦COMMAND AND CONTROL A professional military staff organized in a complicated command arrangement led the Argentinean Junta combat operation. In addition, they commanded a poorly trained and inexperienced combatant force. A theater command, the South Atlantic Theater of Operations (TAOS), was established under Vice Admiral Juan Lombardo to command Argentine naval units and the Falklands garrison. Subordinate to Admiral Lombardo, Brigadier General Benjamin Menendez commanded all Argentine army, air force, and navy units. The Fuerza Aerea Sur (FAS), or Southern Air Force, was established under the command of the air force Brigadier General Ernesto Horacio Crespo. The FAS was outside the authority of the theater commander and reported directly to the Argentine Junta. The command structure, lacking a sole theater commander over all forces in the Area of Operations (AO), proved ineffective at strategic planning and joint operations. In a 1994 article in Joint Forces Quarterly, Robert L. Scheina, stated the following: Jointness existed at the operational and tactical levels within the Argentine armed forces during the Malvinas conflict, but did not exist either strategically or doctrinally. Brigadier General Ernesto Horacio Crespo and Army General Benjamin Rattenbach led two separate studies reviewing Argentinas command performance during theShow MoreRelated Military Operational Art Essay1494 Words   |  6 PagesMagnitude of the Falklands/Malvinas conflict in 1982 between Britain and Argentina dictated that both employ a handful of military operational arts particularly logistics, command and control. In the heart, of the 1982 conflict in the contentious issue of the Falklands/Malvinas islands ownership, Command and control, and logistical func tions featured prominently among the operations and preparations of both warring parties. According to Hime (2010, 4), â€Å"Ownership of the Falklands/Malvinas IslandsRead MoreCombat-Support Air Operations2083 Words   |  9 Pagesdelivery of other warfare functions and may also support and enhance the capability of inter related elements from the deep or ground forces or other agencies. Combat Support capabilities include the provision of aircraft and civil engineering, logistics, airport facilities, workforce and health facilities. A successful combat support air operation relies greatly on personnel interoperability achieved through appropriate training. Under mention are some of the combat support air operations substantiatingRead MoreTHE CHALLENGES OF JOINT OPERATIONS IN THE RBAF ‚Äà ¬ PROBLEMS OF DOCTRINE AND EQUIPMENT PROCUREMENT7447 Words   |  30 Pagesthe requirements of the country’s defence policy must be achievable within its resources and so econ omics plays a fundamental part in determining defence policy. Operational Roles And Tasks 7. With its roots in Brunei’s foreign and security policies, its Defence Policy is expressed in the DWP 2004. The DWP 2004 identifies 6 ‘Operational Roles’ in which Brunei forces could be engaged in the future3. These likely roles are, in turn, broken down into a number of ‘military tasks’, which define the activitiesRead Moredrawing from the preceding examples, what factors do you think differentiate occasions when mediation was successful and when it failed14461 Words   |  58 PagesPittsburgh Why do some mediation episodes produce successful negotiated settlements between the disputants of international conï ¬â€šict while others fail to achieve success? This article examines how certain characteristics of a mediator, that is, a mediator’s information about the disputants and a mediator’s bias toward them, affect the success of mediation of international conï ¬â€šicts. By drawing a conceptual distinction between absolute and relative bias and measuring the type of information that is relevant

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Apple Marketing Plan - Individual Essay - 2007 Words

[pic] Principles of Marketing Individual Essay by Segmentation, targeting, differentiation and positioning strategies adopted by Apple for its iPad Rome, November 2011 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Paper examines segmentation-targeting-positioning process on the case of newest mass product of Apple – iPad. It is focused on specific nature of iPAd, segment between established market segments – cell phones of third generation and notebooks/laptops. Further iPad is direct competitor to eBook readers as well as competitor to some of the products from Apple portfolio, like iPods of different kinds. Key words: Apple, iPad, strategy, STP INTRODUCTION This essay giving short overview of STP process and analyze as much as it is†¦show more content†¦Some resources and efforts should be focused on each targeted segment, and mix of tools should be different. (Lehmann, D. and Russell S. 1994) In the case of iPad marginal efforts in targeting of each chosen segments are the key of whole process. Apple continually target own existing and potential customers. In the Casa iPad targeting is investment of extra efforts that are enhanced on the roofs of enormous bran name capital. Therefore targeting is easier, but mistakes are also more dangerous. In the case of, for example iPad failure, company brand losing non-proportional amount of brand equity. Therefore, this situation in Apple is blessing and curse. Most important issue in targeting is magic word HOW. In the case of iPad it is specific mix of promotion, formal and informal in order of attracting the potential buyers. iPad is basically toy, gadget or whatever, friend of PC/Mac rather then device per se. In some extent, it is computer for dummies and Apple invested lot of efforts to change picture of blond buying iPad and using it together with scarves, purses and shoes. Therefore, action had to be directed into the creation of atmosphere of cool product for cool people. iPad is shown as matter of life style, useful supplement, competitor to e-book reader and iPhone. The most challenging task in targeting is estimating of efforts success, bearing in mind that development ofShow MoreRelatedMarketing Is A Major Part Of Business Activity Since The 1960 S1730 Words   |  7 Pages Marketing has become a major part of business activity since the marketing revolution in the 1960’s. Keith (1960, p.35) identified that â€Å"marketing is emerging as the most important single function in business,† around 50 years since its emergence, marketing is now a fundamental function in any businesses operations. While most people believe that marketing is exclusively about promotion and selling, the marketing process entails conducting many more essential functions and activities before theRead MoreApple Inc. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Penalty Rates of Coles Supermarket

Question: Discuss about the Penalty Rates of Coles Supermarket. Answer: Penalty Rates: A Case Study on Coles Supermarket In 2016, the Fair Work Commission (FWC) passed a landmark ruling refusing to approve an enterprise bargaining agreement that would see 78,000 employees at Coles Supermarket disadvantaged due to penalty rates that were lower than the Industry Award recommended rate. The industry rate was set at 200% while Coles agreement proposed a 150% rate. Despite the ruling, the Supermarket chain declined to adhere to the FWCs requirement. The study aims to identify the legitimacy of Coles Supermarkets position and outline an amicable solution to the issues raised by employees. It is important to note, however, that in 2017 the industry rates were reviewed to 150% by the Commission. The effect of these changes will also be highlighted by this research. Review of Literature Penalty rates have a long standing history in Australian labour relations; the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration (CCCA) in 1904 set out minimum terms and conditions which required employers to pay penalty rates in certain industries(Steegstra, 2016, p. 15). There were two underlying principles at the time that led to the adoption of these rates. Firstly, was to compensate employees for work done outside ordinary hours or in excess of the ordinary work week. Secondly, they served to deter employers from taking advantage of employees. Guided by this principle and the CCCA guidelines, Higgins J in 1909, awarded a pay rate of time and a quarter for work done on Sundays or Public Holidays(Barrier Branch of Amalgamated Miners Association v Broken Hill Pty Company Ltd, 1909). This position was reiterated by Drake-Brockman J in 1932 where he held that the purpose of these rates was to compensate employees who had to work outside ordinary hours and to penalise employers and discourage others from having employees work at these times(Commonwealth Railways Commissioner v Australian Workers Union, 1932). This reasoning is believed to emanate from the Australian culture that would rather people not work than to work and have low pay(Coleman, 2016, p. 138). The community at the time was more family-focused and as such employers had to pay for limiting the opportunities that employees has to interact with their loved ones(Taylor, 2014). Recently there seems to be a shift from these principles; in 2005 Philip Lewis argued that there was a negative correlation between employment and wages. According to him, the minimum wage made it difficult for firms to employ more workers and maintain profits at the same time. He believed lower wages made it possible for businesses to hire and pay more workers(Lewis, 2005). The Fair Work Commission seems to have adopted a similar view in the recent past, although it still upholds the payment of penalties, the commission has begun to see the rates as too high. In 2014 the commission reduced the penalty rates payable to casual restaurant staff who worked on Sundays from 75% to 50% arguing they were overcompensation(Maguire , 2014). Inefficiency, outdatedness and international competitiveness are the arguments raised in the case against penalty rates. With regard to inefficiency Cole (2016) avers that opponents have argued rates have increased costs to businesses operating outside ordinary hours; they reduce profits and increase government cost thus reducing demand for labour. However, the increase in incomes through the rates serves to increase consumer demand and build economic growth(Economics Cole, 2016, p. 16). A 2014 AWALI survey indicated that employees would rather work ordinary hours than the unsociable hours thus quashing the out of date argument(Skinner Pocock, 2014, pp. 2-3). Internationally, Australia has the highest minimum wage and most controlled wage system; it also surpasses its comparators with regard to GDP(Economics Cole, 2016, p. 17). It is notable, as Coleman(2016) outlined, that no other country, comparable to Australia, has legislated national wage standards and tribunal-influenced wages(2016, p. 133). In the UK, where there is a well-established union movement, there are no specific legal provisions for the payment of penalty rates, employees and employers are open to creating their own agreement. This is however guided by the National Minimum Wage rates. In the US, there are no statutory provisions for penalty rates; the Fair Labour Standards Act (FLSA) does not require extra payment for employees working at night or during the weekend(Suchecki, 2017). However, some states have adopted shift differentiation systems with a 50% loading rate for Sundays. As such, penalty rates are more common and much higher in Australia than other comparator states(Coleman, 2016, p. 139). Organisations that pay the rates, even where not required, are driven by the belief that the payment boosts productivity; where rates are in place, due diligence dictates that businesses adhere to these guidelines. Conceptual model. Main(2015) believed that the earlier position on penalty rates was guided by moral principles and Marxist ideologies. It was their belief that longer working hours meant more exploitation of workers; exploitation in that they only get a portion of the wealth they produce. The relationship between employers and employees is guided by Contract Law to the extent that they are bound by an employment contract which bestows on both parties certain rights and obligations(Gibson Fraser, 2013, p. 949). As such, employers are expected to pay for services offered; this payment in Australia is guided by certain provisions of the Fair Work Act 2009 which include penalty rates. Employers, therefore, are bound by contract and by law to pay them. Additionally, as an agreement entered into in good faith, Business Ethics principles dictate that firms should uphold such an agreement in exercise of their duty of care and due diligence towards employees. However, these agreements are s ubject to the Better-Off Overall Test (BOOT) which will be relied on as well to determine Coles culpability. Methodology The methodology employed in this study will rely on a variety of literature to identify key information as to the significance of penalty rates and best practice principles that can be adopted by Coles Supermarket to mitigate the issue with its employees. The study will rely on secondary sources; that is, academic books, reports, government policies, explanatory notes, and articles regarding the subject matter. The search strategies adopted will be modelled from the sources in question; for government sources known item, subject, agency, statistical and special technique search strategies will be considered(Sears Moody, 2001, p. 5). Keyword and phrase searches will suffice for other relevant information. The tools to be used will include catalogues, bibliographies, libraries and web search engines. The reason for adopting this methodology is that it saves on time, additionally, technological advancements make it simpler and cheaper to use; it also offers a wide variety of sources. Summary In conclusion, the objective of this study is to provide a suitable solution to Coles Supermarkets Group with regard to the penalty rates issues it is facing with its employees. Guided by the literature above, the study will consider the history and purpose of the policy regarding penalty rates; this is aimed at determining why Coles Supermarket should pay penalty rates in the first place. The study will also look into the development of this position into what it is today; the current opinions held on penalty rates and the arguments for and against them. Using the principles identified in this literature, the research will determine whether Coles Supermarket has a legitimate cause. However, it is important to note that the policies relied on by the Fair Work Commission at the time of the ruling in 2016 have since changed as evidenced by the 2017 penalty cuts and these changes provide new opportunities for the Supermarket to revise its enterprise bargaining agreement upon expiration. References Barrier Branch of Amalgamated Miners Association v Broken Hill Pty Company Ltd, 3 (CAR 1909). Coleman, W. (2016). Only in Australia: The History, Politics and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism. Oxford: OUP. Commonwealth Railways Commissioner v Australian Workers Union, 31 (CAR 815 1932). Economics, E., Cole, M. (2016). The Importance of Penalty Rates for Our Health Workforce: The economic health benefits of cutting penalty rates. McKell Institute. Gibson, A., Fraser, D. (2013). Business Law 2014. NSW: Pearson Higher Education AU. Lewis, P. (2005). Low pay or no pay? Policy, 14-20. Maguire . (2014, May 19). Sunday Penalties for Casual Restaurant Staff Reduced. Retrieved from Maguire Consulting: https://maguire.com.au/news/er-updates/sunday-penalties-for-casual-restaurant-staff-reduced#.WOaqR8klHIU Main, A. (2015, October 20). Penalty rates: The logic behind the extra pay. Retrieved from Socialist Party Australia: https://www.socialistpartyaustralia.org/archives/7824 Sears, J. L., Moody, M. K. (2001). Using Government Information Sources: Electronic and Print (3rd ed.). Oryx Press. Skinner, N., Pocock, B. (2014). AWALI 2014- The Persistent Challenge: Living, Working and Caring in Australia 2014. Centre for Work+Life University of South Australia. Steegstra, E. (2016). Who's Paying the Penalty?- An examination of the historical legal basis of penalty rates and consideration issues relating to their retention. RMIT LSS Law Journal, 15-21. Suchecki, P. M. (2017). Might Shift Workers Rights. Retrieved from Chron: https://smallbusiness.chron.com/night-shift-workers-rights-67153.html Taylor, M. (2014). Why Penalty Rates? Retrieved from QORF: https://qorf.org.au/industry/resources-master/industrial-relations/penalty-rates/

Saturday, April 18, 2020

Research Paper on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution Essay Example

Research Paper on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution Essay Animal Farm is a fable by George Orwell published in 1945, describing a farm where the animals revolted, took power, and chase the men, as a result of the men negligence towards them. It is a fable in which Orwell offers a satire of the Russian Revolution and a critique of Stalinism. The events and characters in Animal Farm are inspired by the history of the Soviet Union. Orwell wrote explicitly about Napoleon that he associates with Stalin in one of his letters. The other characters are often generic concepts and association with a historical figure and are indicative only. George Orwell wrote Animal Farm inspired by the history of the USSR. One day the animals, animated by the ideals of an old pig (Old Sage), decide to rebel against their masters in the hope of independent living in equality, mutual aid, and peace among all. The farm, fallen into their hands, is managed in accordance with the seven commandments that advocate pacifism while defining specific animals presented as an asset. The man is clearly pointed as an enemy and has to disappear; the cohesion is created around this threat. Pigs quickly take power, enslaving other animals, using their superior intelligence to handle their fears and change the past to their advantage. Ideals are quickly denatured, generous principles gradually rogue. A dictator emerges, hunting his main rival Snowball, runs the â€Å"traitors† to consolidate his power. He quickly established a cult of personality and keeps its congeners is in a state of submission in the grueling exhausting work. However, he keeps their hope set on an unattainable goal, promising them a better life, keeping this utopia. The years go by and nothing seems to distinguish the pigs from their former masters. All this refers to Stalinism. We will write a custom essay sample on Research Paper on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Research Paper on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Research Paper on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The history of the farm animals is clearly similar to that of the USSR. The approach taken is, however, not objective, the author summarizes the methods applied under the Stalinist regime, which allows the reader to better understand the mindset of leadership and direction of decisions. In all dictatorships practices, something common can be found: The cult of personality; The demonization of the enemy used as propaganda tools to create cohesion; Voluntarism; Art in the service of propaganda; A theory of Revisionism largely developed by Orwell in his book 1984. College students writing their research proposal on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution, would have to thoroughly study the fable by George Orwell in order to understand all the numerous facets of this complex issue. To do this, they will have to process a good deal of relevant data from reliable sources. As one of such sources, we can recommend you free example research paper topics on Animal Farm and Russian Revolution. Are you looking for a top-notch custom research paper on Animal Farm topics? Is confidentiality as important to you as the high quality of the product? Try our writing service at EssayLib.com! We can offer you professional assistance at affordable rates. Our experienced PhD and Master’s writers are ready to take into account your smallest demands. We guarantee you 100% authenticity of your paper and assure you of dead on time delivery. Proceed with the order form: Please, feel free to visit us at EssayLib.com and learn more about our service!

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Preparing for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT)

Preparing for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) Preparing for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) Whether you have studied Japanese in school, have participated in a study abroad program in Japan, or may be moving to Japan for business or personal reasons, you may want to take the Japanese Language Proficiency Test. There are several reasons for this: You will get a feel for how much of the language you have mastered, so that you can set goals for preparing to take the higher levels of the test You will get a certificate when you pass each of Japanese language proficiency test levels, and you will have these as evidence that you are proficient in the language. This will be important if you should seek employment in Japan You may want to be employed as a translator in your home country, either for private industry or for the government in some capacity. Having the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) certification, especially at the highest level, will be your proof that you have the required knowledge and skills. You may want to re-locate to Japan for personal reasons. Taking this test will allow you to determine your own proficiency. Preparing for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test The test is given on the same day, all over the world. In some places, outside of the U.S. (there are 16 testing centers in the U.S.), it is given multiple times a year. The first part of your preparation, of course, is to register, which you can do on the official site of the testing organization. You will pay your fee and receive a registration card with a number. That number will be assigned to you at a specific testing site. But even before that, you need to identify which of the five Japanese Language Proficiency Test Levels you will want to select. You must select which test you want to take during the registration process. In order to do that, you need to know very specifically which level is best suited for you. Here is a summary of each of those levels: N5: This is the lowest level test, and it demonstrates your ability to read and understand basic Japanese. The reading portion of the test will require that you comprehend sentences and common expressions that are written in katakana, kanji, and hiragana. The listening portion will test your ability to understand conversation about common topics encountered in classrooms and everyday life. N4: This test also has a reading and a listening portion and will assess your ability to do all of those things in the N5 level, plus your ability to read more difficult material in kanji with a stronger vocabulary and knowledge of kanji characters. N3: the N3 level is probably most appropriate for those who are re-locating to Japan and who need to be able to navigate through more complex daily living situations. The reading section will incorporate everything in N5 and N4 levels but include additional materials, such as news summaries and short literary passages. The listening portion still revolves around everyday situations but requires ability to understand when the language is spoken at a moderate pace. N2: To select this test and have a good chance of passing it, you will need to read passages on a variety of topics – literary, news and magazine articles, and to be able to relate intent and opinions of the writers. The listening portion will contain conversations on lots of topics at an almost normal speed, and you will need to demonstrate that you understand facts and nuances of conversations. N1: This is the most difficult of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test levels and should be selected by those who have strong proficiency. The reading portion will require comprehension and analysis of complex content – news editorials, literary works, abstract concepts, etc. Listening will be at normal rates of speed and require a substantial vocabulary in order to understand and interpret conversations, news reports, etc. Studying and Preparing for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test Learning a language is a cumulative process, and you are at some level of proficiency. Certainly, you can prepare for the test by studying additional vocabulary and continuing to practice reading passages at your level. Perhaps the best preparation is to immerse yourself, either physically or online, into a Japanese environment. There are plenty of Japanese students looking for partners in English to practice their language skills. Set up a cooperative relationship and, through Skype or another live chat app, set a scheduled time to hook up and converse several times a week. Barring that, find a local group of Japanese students on campus or a local Japanese-American organization. If you are a current college student, locate a Japanese foreign student and set up a cooperative arrangement. You can assist with their coursework demands, even with their college essay writing. In turn, they can tutor you in the language. Access the Japanese Language Proficiency Test site, and link to the sample questions for each level of the test. You will also find a link to the official practice workbooks, again separated by test level. Scoring and Results Notification Individual scores are sent to examinees; they will also be available online by registration/identification number. In general, those students who take the test in July will receive their scores and certificates by early October. Those who take a December test will receive results by early March. If the test is taken in Japan, scores will be published a month earlier in each case. Results are on a Pass/Fail basis, and there is a minimum score for each section of a test in order to receive a passing grade. If any section of a test fall into the â€Å"fail† section, the student fails the entire test. Certificates of passage are mailed to everyone who has passed. The Takeaway The Japanese Language Proficiency Test is a fully objective test, that is, it does not require composition, as many other standardized tests and application/admissions testing does. The value of such a test, and the certificate that comes with it, however, does demonstrate that you have enough proficiency to comprehend verbal and written communication in the language. If you are a student in a Japanese institution, for example, you will be able to understand the lectures and the readings. Writing is another matter, however, and that may take some additional time and work. Until you establish that proficiency, you can always find a Japanese friend, agency, or tutor and state, â€Å"Write my papers,† in exchange for a bit of cash or a reciprocal favor.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Skype and its impact on Social and Culture Environment Term Paper

Skype and its impact on Social and Culture Environment - Term Paper Example Importance of Skype and its Impact on People’s Lives Skype has been significant in the lifestyles of the modern society. The most important aspect has been lowering the cost of telephone services. Subscribers of Skype are able to communicate effectively through unlimited phone calls, which is not possible through the common telephone service providers. Moreover, Skype services are accessible globally and therefore every person who has access to the internet can use them (Booth, 16). The current wave of globalization has necessitated effective communication among business people, workers and their families as well as among organizations with mobile workers. Greenhow observes that Skype services have enabled many people working away from home to accomplish work-life balance by means of video conferencing (11). The common mobile telephony only allows voice calls, but workers and their relations appreciate visual communication whereby they are able to see the person whom they are communicating with. Under such circumstances, expatriate workers overseas are able to see their families through video chats. This is significance in the enhancement of satisfaction in employment and avoidance of family breakdown as a result of distance work. Video conferencing has also enhanced business and inter-organizational partnerships by enhancing networking capabilities. The cost of travel and conference rooms has been eliminated by Skype. Moreover, it helps in saving time in the p reparations for conferences (Turban et al. 19). In making purchases online, a person is in a position to see the partner whom he/she is communicating with thereby avoiding chances of falling in to the trap of fraudsters. For example, the recent rise in fraudulent transactions involving the sale of used motor vehicles by fake dealers through their short-lived websites could have been avoided if buyers insisted on visual conversations through Skype. This would enable them to request an image of the company premises and the cars before concluding a deal. On the other hand, the fear of fraudster companies in the internet has led to a decline of consumers willing to buy products online (Booth, 13). Skype can be applied by marketers to express their genuineness to potential online customers. Its application offers the opportunity to present a positive image by showing customers their marketing team, management and physical location. In deed, as Kuriyan & Ray (95) assert, Skype is the way to go in future online shopping. In healthcare, Skype has contributed to numerous positive changes with regard to communication between doctors and patients. Doctors, just like other professionals have been using Skype to communicate with families and friends. However, new developments have changed the manner in which they relate with patients. With increased cost of hospitalized healthcare, doctors have established a new strategy of home based care through Skype. Routine medical checks for patients have been facilitated by Skype video calls to patients in the comfort of their homes. Moreover, patients can interact with doctors for clinical consultations and other health related issues without physical presence in the hospital (Turban et al. 19). This has enabled doctors